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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: GENETIC AND GENOMIC APPROACHES TO IMPROVE PEANUT AND CORN RESISTANCE TO DISEASE AND AFLATOXIN CONTAMINATION

Location: Crop Protection and Management Research

Title: Analysis of gene expression profiles in leaf tissues of cultivated peanuts and development of EST-SSR markers and gene discovery.

Authors
item Guo, Baozhu
item Chen, Xiaoping - UNIV OF GA/GUANGDONG ACAD
item Hong, Yanbin - UNIV OF GA
item Liang, Xuanqiang - UNIV OF GA
item Dang, Phat
item Brenneman, Tim - UNIV OF GA
item Holbrook, C
item Culbreath, Albert - UNIV OF GA

Submitted to: International Journal of Plant Genomics
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: April 10, 2009
Publication Date: June 27, 2009
Repository URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2703745/pdf/IJPG2009-715605
Citation: Guo, B., Chen, X., Hong, Y., Liang, X., Dang, P.M., Brenneman, T., Holbrook Jr, C.C., Culbreath, A. 2009. Analysis of gene expression profiles in leaf tissues of cultivated peanuts and development of EST-SSR markers and gene discovery.International Journal of Plant Genomics 2009:715605, 14 p. DOI:10.1155/2009/715605.

Interpretive Summary: Peanut provides an important source of oil, protein and other nutrients worldwide and is ranked as the second-important seed legume after soybean. Peanut is also vulnerable to a range of foliar diseases, such as tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), early and late leaf spots, southern stem rot/white mold, and sclerotinia blight. These devastating diseases of peanut can cause yield losses from 30% in the U.S. to over 80% in other growing areas of the world. In this study, we report the generation of 17,376 peanut expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from leaf tissues of resistant and susceptible peanut cultivar and breeding line for gene discovery and marker development. Total 16,931 ESTs have been deposited to the NCBI GenBank database with accession numbers ES751523 to ES768453 for public use. We also identified 856 EST-based simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers; and a total of 290 new EST-based SSR markers were developed and characterized for amplification and polymorphism in cultivated and wild peanuts. Re-sequencing information of selected amplified alleles has confirmed the sequence repeats and insertion/deletion in the SSR-containing regions. In addition, some disease-resistance genes were also identified, such as putative oxalate oxidase, putative TSWV resistance genes and NBS-LRR domains. EST data in this study have provided a new source of information for gene discovery and development of SSR markers in cultivated peanut.

Technical Abstract: Peanut is vulnerable to a range of foliar diseases such as spotted wilt caused by Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV), early (Cercospora arachidicola) and late (Cercosporidium personatum) leaf spots, southern stem rot (Sclerotium rolfsii), and sclerotinia blight (Sclerotinia minor). In this study, we report the generation of 17,376 peanut expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from leaf tissues of a peanut cultivar (Tifrunner, resistant to TSWV and leaf spots) and a breeding line (GT-C20, susceptible to TSWV and leaf spots). After trimming vector and discarding low quality sequences, a total of 14,432 high-quality ESTs were selected for further analysis and deposition to GenBank. Sequence clustering resulted in 6,888 unique ESTs composing of 1,703 tentative consensus (TCs) sequences and 5,185 singletons. A large number of ESTs (5,717) representing genes of unknown functions were also identified. Among the unique sequences, there were 856 EST-SSRs identified. A total of 290 new EST-based SSR markers were developed and examined for amplification and polymorphism in cultivated peanut and wild species. Re-sequencing information of selected amplified alleles revealed that allelic diversity could be attributed mainly to differences in repeat type and length in the SSR regions. In addition, a few additional INDEL mutations and substitutions were observed in the regions flanking the microsatellite regions. In addition, some defense-related transcripts were also identified, such as putative oxalate oxidase (EU024476) and NBS-LRR domains. EST data in this study have provided a new source of information for gene discovery and development of SSR markers in cultivated peanut. Total 16,931 ESTs have been deposited to the NCBI GenBank database with accession numbers ES751523 to ES768453.

Last Modified: 7/22/2014
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