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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: IDENTIFICATION OF PLANT GENETIC MECHANISMS THAT INFLUENCE INSECT-POLLINATOR PREFERENCE

Location: Corn Insects and Crop Genetics Research

Title: Identification and characterization of the first active endogenous transposable element in soybean

Authors
item Battacharyya, Madan - ISU
item Xu, Min - ISU
item Brar, Hargeet - ISU
item Grosic, Sehiza - ISU
item Palmer, Reid

Submitted to: Plant and Animal Genome Conference
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 5, 2009
Publication Date: August 10, 2009
Citation: Battacharyya, M.K., Xu, M., Brar, H., Grosic, S., Palmer, R.G. 2009. Identification and characterization of the first active endogenous transposable element in soybean. Plant and Animal Genome Conference. Poster No. 119.

Technical Abstract: In soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.], W4 is one of the loci that control anthocyanin biosynthesis in flowers and hypocotyls. A putative transposable element was suggested to reside within or adjacent to this locus in the mutable T322 line resulting in the w4-m allele. We have shown that the W4 locus encodes the dihydroflavonol-4-reductase 2 (DFR2). The w4-m allele in T322 is caused by the insertion of a CACTA-like transposable element, Tgmw4m, in the second intron of DFR2. Terminal inverted repeats (TIR) of the element are similar to those of other soybean transposable elements, e.g. Tgm family and Tgm-express1. We investigated footprints of several germinal revertants with purple flowers generated from a single progenitor mutable T322 plant. Distinct footprints were observed among the revertant plants. This result confirmed that excision of the element is responsible for gaining function of DFR2 among the germinal revertants with purple flowers. The w4-dp (dilute purple flowers) and w4-p alleles (pale flowers) were isolated as germinal revertants from the mutable T322 line. Both alleles mapped to W4. Sequencing of the promoters revealed that following excision from DFR2 intron 2, Tgmw4m inserted into the promoter of DFR2 in these functional mutant alleles. Two putative cis-elements, CCAAT motif and E-box (CACGTG) positioned at -1080 and -1068 were interrupted due to Tgmw4m insertion in these two alleles resulting in altered cell-specific DFR2 expression patterns in these functional mutants. Tgmw4m shows identity to En/Spm-type transposons isolated from maize. We investigated the extent of transposition events among the progenies of two sister progenitor T322 mutable plants. Approximately 40% of the families descended from a mutable plant contain one or more revertant plants with only purple flowers. We will discuss the applicability of this highly active endogenous transposable element in functional analyses of soybean genes.

Last Modified: 8/22/2014