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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERIZATION OF GENETIC RESOURCES FOR AGRONOMIC AND QUALITY TRAITS USING GENOMIC TOOLS

Location: Dale Bumpers National Rice Research Center

Title: Arsenic speciation in rice paddy soils

Authors
item Somenahally, Anil - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Loeppert, Richard - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Gentry, Terry - TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY
item Yan, Wengui

Submitted to: American Society of Agronomy Abstracts
Publication Type: Abstract Only
Publication Acceptance Date: June 5, 2008
Publication Date: October 5, 2008
Citation: Somenahally, A., Loeppert, R.H., Gentry, T.J., Yan, W. 2008. Arsenic speciation in rice paddy soils. American Society of Agronomy Abstracts. p. 778-10.

Technical Abstract: Arsenic can undergo several chemical and microbial transformations in soil, including oxidation/reduction, methylation/demethylation, and volatilization, which could impact arsenic bioavailability for plant uptake. An experiment was conducted in field plots at Stuttgart, AR to determine whether arsenic concentration and water management (flooded versus saturated) impact the speciation and transformation of soil arsenic. The treatments were: (1) fallow and planted with the rice variety “Wells”; (2) saturated and flooded, and (3) a moderate arsenic concentration native soil and an adjacent soil amended with monosodium methanearsonate (MSMA). Soil samples were collected prior to planting, after flooding, and prior to harvest and analyzed for total arsenic and arsenic speciation. Arsenic species were determined by HPLC-ICP-MS following extraction. These results will help to determine if different water management systems can alter arsenic speciation in soil and ultimately affect plant uptake of arsenic.

Last Modified: 9/2/2014
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