GENETIC AND GENOMIC APPROACHES TO IMPROVE INSECT RESISTANCE AND OTHER VALUE-ADDED TRAITS IN WHEAT, BARLEY, AND SORGHUM
Location: Wheat, Peanut and Other Field Crops Research
Title: Registration of 'Sidney' spring feed barley resistant to Russian wheat aphid
Submitted to: Journal of Plant Registrations
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 1, 2009
Publication Date: August 1, 2009
Citation: Mornhinweg, D.W., Bregitzer, P.P., Porter, D.R., Peairs, F.B., Baltensperger, D.D., Hein, G.L., Randolph, T.A., Koch, M., Walker, T. 2009. Registration of 'Sidney' spring feed barley resistant to Russian wheat aphid. Journal of Plant Registrations. 3(3):214-218.
Interpretive Summary: No interpretive summary required - germplasm release.
'Sidney' (Reg. No. , PI 641939) is a spring, two-rowed, Russian wheat aphid-resistant, feed barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) developed for the high dry plains of eastern Colorado and western Nebraska where RWA is a persistent pest. Sidney was developed by USDA-ARS, in Stillwater, OK, and tested cooperatively by USDA-ARS, in Stillwater, OK, and in Aberdeen, ID, Colorado State University, and University of Nebraska. Russian wheat aphid (RWA) [Diuraphis noxia, (Kujomov)] resistance in Sidney was transferred from STARS 9301B into an Otis background by three backcrosses. Sidney is resistant to all known biotypes of RWA in the US. Grain yield of Sidney is superior to that of Otis in the presence of RWA and equal to Otis and Otis + Gaucho in the absence and of RWA. Barley production on the marginal crop lands of the high plains became economically and environmentally prohibitive with the introduction of RWA to the US. Sidney was developed to bring barley back into crop rotations which are important for moisture and soil conservation of these marginal production areas.