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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: FORAGE SYSTEMS FOR SUSTAINABLE ANIMAL PRODUCTION IN THE MID-SOUTH

Location: Forage-Animal Production Research

Title: Distinctive interactions of the Arabidopsis homolog of the 30 kD subunit of the cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (AtCPSF30) with other polyadenylation factor subunits

Authors
item Rao, S -
item Dinkins, Randy
item Hunt, A - UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY

Submitted to: BMC Microbiology
Publication Type: Peer Reviewed Journal
Publication Acceptance Date: July 2, 2009
Publication Date: July 2, 2009
Citation: Rao, S., Dinkins, R.D., Hunt, A.G. 2009. Distinctive interactions of the Arabidopsis homolog of the 30 kD subunit of the cleavage and polyadenylation specificity factor (AtCPSF30) with other polyadenylation factor subunits. BMC Microbiology. 10:51.

Interpretive Summary: In order to better understand the nature of plant polyadenylations complexes, subcellular localization of one of the proteins, CPSF30, was examined using fusion proteins containing fluorescent reporters by confocal microscopy. It was found that AtCPSF30 by itself localizes to distinctive cytoplasmic foci that are also postulated to be sites of RNA processing bodies. AtCPSF30 could be found in the nucleus when co-expressed with either of two other CPSF subunits (AtCPSF160 and AtCPSF73(I)). Co-expression of AtCSPF30 with AtCPSF100 altered the location, not of AtCPSF30, but rather of AtCPSF100, with the two proteins residing in the cytoplasmic foci seen in cells expressing just AtCPSF30. These results suggest that the nuclear CPSF complex is a dynamic one and that a cytoplasmic CPSF complex may be involved in RNA movement and/or degradation in plants.

Technical Abstract: Background: The Arabidopsis ortholog of the 30 kD subunit of the mammalian Cleavage and Polyadenylation Specificity Factor (AtCPSF30) is an RNA-binding endonuclease that is associated with other Arabidopsis CPSF subunits (orthologs of the 160, 100, and 73 kD subunits of CPSF). In order to better understand the nature of complexes containing AtCPSF30, and to further explore the functions of the protein, the subcellular distribution of the protein was examined, using fusion proteins containing fluorescent reporters. Resuts: It was found that AtCPSF30 by itself localizes to distinctive cytoplasmic foci that are also the sites of accumulation of AtDcp2, a marker diagnostic of so-called RNA processing bodies. AtCPSF30 could be found in the nucleus when co-expressed with either of two other CPSF subunits (AtCPSF160 and AtCPSF73(I)). Interestingly, co-expression of AtCSPF30 with AtCPSF100 altered the location, not of AtCPSF30, but rather of AtCPSF100, with the two proteins residing in the cytoplasmic foci seen in cells expressing just AtCPSF30. Co-expression of AtCPSF30 and AtCPSF73(II) had no appreciable effects on the distribution of either protein. Conclusions: These results place AtCPSF30 within or near P-bodies in the cytoplasm, and suggest that a cytoplasmic CPSF complex may be involved in RNA movement and/or degradation in plants. They also suggest that the nuclear CPSF complex is a dynamic one, and that nuclear AtCPSF30 is not in direct physical contact with AtCPSF100.

Last Modified: 4/20/2014
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