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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: MANAGEMENT OF GENETIC RESOURCES FOR VITIS, PRUNUS, JUGLANS, FICUS, OLEA, PISTACIA, PUNICA, DIOSPYROS, ACTINIDIA, AND MORUS Title: Cladistic biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on chloroplast DNA intergenic spacer sequences

Authors
item Aradhya, Mallikarjuna
item Potter, Daniel - UCD - POMOLOGY
item Simon, Charles

Submitted to: Darwin's Harvest: New Approaches to the Origins, Evolution, and Conservation of Crops
Publication Type: Popular Publication
Publication Acceptance Date: December 1, 2004
Publication Date: December 1, 2004
Citation: Aradhya, M.K., Potter, D., Simon, C.J. 2004. Cladistic biogeography of Juglans (Juglandaceae) based on chloroplast DNA intergenic spacer sequences. P 143-170. In: Motley, T.J., Zerega, N. and Cros, H. (eds.) Darwin's Harvest: New Approaches to the Origins, Evolution, and Conservation of Crops. Columbia University Press, New York.

Interpretive Summary: The phylogenetic utility of sequence variation from five chloroplast DNA intergenic spacer (IGS) regions: trnT-trnF, psbA-trnH, atpB-rbcL, trnV-16S rRNA, and trnS-trnfM was examined in the genus Juglans. A total of seventeen taxa representing the four sections within Juglans and an outgroup taxon, Pterocarya stenoptera, were included in the phylogenetic analyses using the maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and minimum evolution methods. The cladograms from all the three analyses were concordent with each other and contained three well-supported monophyletic clades corresponding to the three major sections Juglans, Cardiocaryon, and Rhysocaryon. The cladogenesis within Juglans seems to deviate from the evolutionary hypothesis based on the fossil history and biogeographic evidence. The results suggest that: (1) the cpDNA IGS sequence divergence levels observed within and between different sections of Juglans are low; (2) basal placement of the section Juglans in all the three analyses suggests its ancient origin in contrast to fossil evidence, which suggests the earliest divergence of sections Rhysocaryon and Cardiocaryon; (3) the Asian sections, Juglans and Cardiocaryon, have evolved at different rates as compared to Rhysocaryon; and finally (4) the extant taxa may not represent the entire evolutionary history of the genus.

Technical Abstract: The phylogenetic utility of sequence variation from five chloroplast DNA intergenic spacer (IGS) regions: trnT-trnF, psbA-trnH, atpB-rbcL, trnV-16S rRNA, and trnS-trnfM was examined in the genus Juglans. A total of seventeen taxa representing the four sections within Juglans and an outgroup taxon, Pterocarya stenoptera, were included in the phylogenetic analyses using the maximum parsimony, maximum likelihood, and minimum evolution methods. The cladograms from all the three analyses were concordent with each other and contained three well-supported monophyletic clades corresponding to the three major sections Juglans, Cardiocaryon, and Rhysocaryon. The cladogenesis within Juglans seems to deviate from the evolutionary hypothesis based on the fossil history and biogeographic evidence. The results suggest that: (1) the cpDNA IGS sequence divergence levels observed within and between different sections of Juglans are low; (2) basal placement of the section Juglans in all the three analyses suggests its ancient origin in contrast to fossil evidence, which suggests the earliest divergence of sections Rhysocaryon and Cardiocaryon; (3) the Asian sections, Juglans and Cardiocaryon, have evolved at different rates as compared to Rhysocaryon; and finally (4) the extant taxa may not represent the entire evolutionary history of the genus.

Last Modified: 11/27/2014
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