Location: Bee Research
Project Number: 1245-21000-277-18
Start Date: Aug 01, 2014
End Date: Jul 31, 2018
Laboratory cage and semi-field experiments will be conducted to investigate sub lethal exposure to pesticides on honey bee metabolic physiology. To replicate oral and contact exposure to pesticides, foods and surfaces of laboratory bee cages will be treated with different pesticides across a range of sub-lethal concentrations. Although calculations are made to assure the appropriate concentrations are achieved, errors introduced during food preparation and cage surface coating procedures may result in actual concentrations differing somewhat from those calculated. Therefore, it is important that actual values of pesticide concentrations are determined for accurate reporting of methods, and correct interpretation of results.