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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

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Research Project: COTTON HARVESTING INNOVATIONS FOR THE TEXAS HIGH PLAINS

Location: Cotton Production and Processing Research

Project Number: 3096-21410-007-32
Project Type: Reimbursable

Start Date: Jan 01, 2012
End Date: Dec 31, 2012

Objective:
The objective of this research is to identify improved harvesting methods that help to maintain fiber quality, decrease seed cotton/lint foreign matter content, and improve producer profitability.

Approach:
The main objective will be accomplished by work in four areas: In cooperation with Texas AgriLife Research Service personnel, cotton grown at two locations in the Texas High Plains under various fertility/irrigation levels will be harvested with a picker and a stripper and ginned accordingly at the USDA ARS Cotton Production and Processing Research Unit at Lubbock, TX. Analysis of yield and fiber quality data for treatment effects will be conducted. This work will evaluate the quantity and nature of foreign matter components as well as HVI and AFIS fiber quality for seed cotton gathered from several sequential points on a stripper harvester. Collection points may include 1) after the stripping rolls, 2) after the row unit augers, 3) after the cross auger conveyor, 4) prior to the field cleaner, and 5) after the field cleaner. The information gained from this work will help to identify potential areas for design improvement on the stripper. Time-in-motion data on a custom fabricated cotton harvesting system will be gathered in cooperation with a producer near Muleshoe, TX. Comparisons between the custom built system and a conventional stripper based harvest system will be conducted. Measurements of total biomass yield for modern cotton varieties will be made at several locations across the Texas High Plains region. This data will be used to update the literature on total and non-lint/seed biomass available for biofuel production or value added processing.

Last Modified: 10/30/2014
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