Start Date: Sep 01, 2007
End Date: Aug 31, 2011
The molecular tools needed to generate genetically engineered intragenic rice will be identified and tested. A dual binary vector system with separate P-DNAs and T-DNAs will be constructed using standard molecular biology techniques. The intragenic vector will carry a P-DNA that contains only native rice-derived sequences that function as Agrobacterium border sequences, expression control elements (promoters and terminators) and one of two rice regulatory genes which stimulate the production of colored anthocyanins or proanthocyanidins in various rice tissues. A second binary vector compatible with the intragenic vector will also be constructed. This vector will contain standard Agrobacterium T-DNA border sequences and three transgene expression cassettes; a hygromycin resistance selectable marker, a constitutively expressed GUS reporter, and the cre recombinase gene controlled by a rice anther-specific promoter. These transgenes present on the T-DNA will be flanked by loxP attachment sites allowing Cre-mediated site-specific excision and transgene removal in rice anther and pollen tissue. This transformation system also incorporates an alternative strategy to identify marker-free intragenic rice plants due to the presence of separate T-DNA and P-DNA transfer from Agrobacterium. Some of the genetically engineered rice will contain a P-DNA that has integrated into the rice genome at locus separate from the integrated T-DNA. In these circumstances, some of the progeny plants will contain only the P-DNA due to independent segregation. The efficiency by which these two methods produce marker-gene free rice plants positive for anthocyanin accumulation will be evaluated and compared. Documents Reimbursable with CSREES. Log 33063. Formerly 5325-21000-002-01R (July, 2010).