Improve Nutrition for Honey Bee Colonies to Stimulate Population Growth, Increase Queen Quality, and Reduce the Impact of Varroa Mites
Project Number: 5342-21000-016-00
Start Date: Oct 01, 2013
End Date: Feb 06, 2014
1: Determine the nutrients in pollen that promote worker longevity.
1.A. Determine the effects of pollen mixtures on worker protein and lipid stores
1.B. Characterize the chemical composition of pollen mixtures that optimize worker
protein and lipid stores and longevity.
2: Determine the effects of undigested saccharides in high fructose corn syrup
(HFCS) on worker physiology and longevity.
2.A. Identify the saccharides in HFCS.
2.B: Determine the effect of saccharides in HFCS on worker physiology and longevity.
3: Evaluate the effects of supplemental feeding on Varroa tolerance, queen
production and foraging activity of honey bee colonies.
3.A. Modify the MegaBee diet by adding chemical components that were identified in
the pollen mixture analysis.
3.B. Determine the effects of nutrition on Varroa infestation and reproduction in
worker and drone cells.
3.C. Determine the role of nutrition on queen production and reproductive potential.
3.D. Evaluate the effects of supplemental protein feeding on the foraging rates of
honey bee colonies.
3.E. Improving honey bee immune response to CCD by determining the role of symbiotic
microbes in bee nutrition.
3.F. Develop IPM tools (e.g., "soft" miticides that are non-toxic to workers and
queens, traps, and exclusion devices) and methodologies for control of key pests
(especially Varroa mites), and miticide resistance management programs to preserve
useful chemical options.
3.G. Determine the impact of the small hive beetle on colony development and
longevity, and develop management systems for controlling the beetle in hives,
including use of antifeedants for protection of protein supplements from small hive
beetle damage. Develop effective control programs for management of small hive
beetle in bee hives, with the goal to prevent contamination of bee products.
1. Nutritional value will be evaluated by measuring protein and lipid levels and on
bee longevity. The chemical composition of pollens that are more nutritious than
MegaBee will be determined.
2. Determine the effects of high fructose corn syrup containing higher saccharides
on honey bee longevity.
3. Determine the effects of improved nutrition of the longevity of bees parasitized by Varroa, the reproductive potential of queens, and foraging activity of colonies used for pollination.