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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Small Grains Database and Bioinformatics Resources

Location: Crop Improvement and Genetics Research

Project Number: 2030-21000-021-00
Project Type: Appropriated

Start Date: May 14, 2013
End Date: May 13, 2018

Objective:
Over the next 5 years the project will focus on the following specific objectives as part of the long-term purpose to synthesize, display, and provide access to small grains genomics and genetics data for the research community and applied users. Objective 1: Annotate wheat, barley and oat whole genome sequences in collaboration with the crop research communities and integrate with genetic, physical, and trait maps. • Sub-objective 1.A. - Contribute to wheat genome annotations and incorporation of small grains annotations into GrainGenes. • Sub-objective 1.B. - Collaborate in integrating small grains genetic, physical, and trait maps. • Sub-objective 1.C. - Modifying GrainGenes with enhanced user tools in accessing genomic and mapping data. Objective 2: Integrate genotyping and phenotyping results from the Triticeae Coordinated Agricultural Project (T-CAP) including the T3 database, the National Small Grains Collection and GRIN database, and Gramene, to enhance support for trait analysis by association mapping and trait improvement by genomic selection. • Sub-objective 2.A. - Collaborate in developing common standards describing phenotypes and traits across species. • Sub-objective 2.B. - Convert data from GRIN, ARS Genotyping Laboratories, and the small grains Regional Field Nurseries to GrainGenes database formats. • Sub-objective 2.C. – Modify the GrainGenes schema to accommodate increased data volume and utilization. Objective 3: Collate, analyze, and present trait data from wheat, barley and oat communities to facilitate the genetic improvement of target traits and trait gene isolation. • Sub-objective 3.A. - Collate data on target traits. • Sub-objective 3.B. - Implement tools and interfaces for map displays. Objective 4: Maintain existing and develop new user community outreach. • Sub-objective 4.A. - Solicitation of user community input. • Sub-objective 4.B. - Training and education for use of GrainGenes resources. Objective 5: Facilitate the use of genomic and genetic data, information, and tools for germplasm improvement, thus empowering ARS scientists and partners to use a new generation of computational tools and resources [NP301, C2, PS2A].

Approach:
1) Contribute to the annotation of whole genome sequences of wheat, barley, and oats in collaboration with the research community along with other national and international small grains genomics efforts. 2) Incorporation of genomic sequences and maps (genetic, physical, trait) into GrainGenes. To include integration of maps from multiple sources and related data sets already represented within GrainGenes. 3) Integrate genotyping and phenotyping data into GrainGenes. To include collaborating the GRIN, Gramene, and the Triticeae T-CAP project. 4) Modify the GrainGenes web site with enhanced user tools for accessing data, implement tools and interfaces for enhanced map displays, and modify the GrainGenes database schema to accommodate larger data sets. To include a complete rewrite and redeign of the GrainGenes web site and databases. 5) Enhanced research community outreach through regular solicitation of user community input, development of social medium tools for data access and user training, and develop formal training manuals and training manuals for GrainGenes users.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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