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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Physiology and Biochemistry of Carbohydrate Metabolism in Cereal Tissues

Location: Cereal Crops Research

Project Number: 5090-21000-059-00
Project Type: Appropriated

Start Date: May 31, 2013
End Date: May 30, 2018

Objective:
Objective 1: Evaluation of the functional expression of disproportionating enzymes in germinating and malted barley. Objective 2: Identify differences in metabolites in malting quality and non-malting quality barley. Objective 3: Evaluate C-terminal processing of ß-amylase on enzyme thermostability in malting barley grain.

Approach:
Functional expression of disproportionating enzyme will be by biochemical measures of activity during germination, malting and mashing and through the use of kinetic characterization of the enzymatic reaction via HPLC analyses. Immunological monitoring of the fate of the protein will be employed to assist in determining the impact of industrial processing upon the enzyme. Differences in metabolites in malting and non-malting quality barleys segregating for winter hardiness, an agronomic trait of increasing value to the barley producers in North America, will be through the use of established methods of derivatization, gas chromatography and mass spectral detection/identification of metabolites followed by statistical analyses to include QTL detection and multivariate analyses. Evaluation of C-terminal processing of beta-amylase on the enzyme’s thermostability will be through the use of a series of immunological probes specific for known sites throughout the protein’s primary structure combined with evaluation of enzyme activity throughout a variety of temperature regimes selected for relevancy to industrial processing.

Last Modified: 12/21/2014
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