Breeding for a Southern Chip Potato
Genetic Improvement of Fruits and Vegetables
2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
The second objective of our Project Plan directly relates to the proposed agreement: Improve processing and nutritional quality in potatoes through breeding and selection of superior germplasm. The Cooperators are interested in evaluating ARS potato germplasm earlier in the selection scheme for adaptation to southern growing conditions.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Advanced germplasm from the USDA/ARS Potato Breeding Program with chipping potential will be furnished for evaluation at approximately 12 locations across the U.S. Chipping selections with potential under southern growing conditions from ARS and state potato breeding programs will be intercrossed and progeny produced for selection under southern growing conditions.
Eighteen new USDA/ARS-Beltsville advanced potato selections with chip processing potential were entered into the National Chip Processing Trials for evaluation at eleven different locations across the U.S. Two previous selections were advanced to the next round of evaluation: Elkton and BNC182-5. The widespread evaluation of promising chip processing selections early in the selection process will benefit potato growers by identifying the most promising selections early, enabling them to be established in tissue culture and adopted by the industry sooner. This research will benefit the potato industry by identifying high yielding, stress-tolerant, chipping selections and stream-line their adoption in the market-place in a timely manner.