New Soft Wheat Cultivars for the Wheat Quality Council
Corn, Soybean and Wheat Quality Research Unit
2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
Evaluate new soft wheat cultivars through an industry based panel evaluation facilitated by the Soft Wheat Quality Laboratory
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
1) Solicitation of Samples - The SWQL will solicit samples of new cultivars from wheat breeders working in the eastern U.S. Breeders will submit 40 kg of grain of the new cultivar paired with a similar amount of an appropriate check cultivar.
2) Sample Preparation - Samples will be milled on the Miag Multo-mat flour mill with ash mill-stream analysis. Flour samples will be evaluated at the SWQL for standard soft wheat quality parameters. Samples from each cultivar and check will be shipped in November to milling and baking companies participating in the soft wheat panel of the Wheat Quality Council.
3) Summary of Results - Each company evaluating samples will return a standard form with data and comments to the SWQL for compilation of results. Results will be assembled into a technical report in January and submitted to the Wheat Quality Council in an appropriate electronic format during the first week of February.
4) Communication of Results - The Wheat Quality Council meets during President's Day week of February in Kansas City, MO. The SWQL staff will host the panel evaluation and presentation of industry results. The conclusions of the panel discussion and the evaluations will be communicated back to plant breeding programs through electronic reports and the SWQL annual research review in March.
We obtained eleven newly developed soft wheat varieties and five check cultivars contributed by five soft wheat breeding programs in the Eastern U.S. and milled the samples using the Miag Multomat pilot mill with determination of ash content and flour mill-stream yields. We organized the technical collaborators from ten laboratories representing soft wheat milling, food manufacturing and USDA-ARS and coordinated the comprehensive milling and end-use quality analyses of the fourteen wheat flours. ARS compiled, analyzed and summarized the quality evaluation data from the ten laboratories, prepared the Wheat Quality Council reports and coordinated the discussion on end-use quality potential of the eleven new soft wheat varieties in comparison to the check cultivars during the Annual Wheat Quality Council meeting on February in Kansas City, MO. We provided the wheat breeding programs with the Wheat Quality Council report and collaborator discussion summary from the Annual Wheat Quality Council meeting and also presented end-use quality potential for those new wheat varieties during the ARS-Soft Wheat Quality Laboratory Annual Research Review on March in Wooster OH.
This project addresses objective 4 of the parent project: Define soft wheat quality targets and measure eastern U.S. soft wheat breeding materials against those targets for the breeding programs and the milling industry.