1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
Develop oxygenated phosphine fumigation treatment to control insect pests that affect export of U.S. fruits to international markets.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
To utilize a cooperative effort between USDA-ARS and UC Davis to develop oxygenated phosphine fumigation treatments to control insect pests on a variety of fresh commodities. Laboratory experiments as well as large scale fumigation tests will be conducted to control a variety of insect pests including western flower thrips, lettuce aphid, and light brown apple moth. Impact of fumigation on postharvest quality of fresh products including lettuce, broccoli, strawberries, apples, and grapes will also be evaluated.
The agreement is established in support of objective 1 of the parent project of developing phosphine fumigation treatment for post-harvest pest control on perishable commodities. Under the agreement, a junior research specialist was hired to assist postharvest research at USDA-ARS in Salinas California to address the stated objective and other research initiatives including nitric oxide fumigation.