2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
Improve substantially the characterization of risk of hunger and world food security due to climate change and to enhance adaptation capacity in both developing and developed countries. This is a continuation of Project Number: 0210-22310-004-02.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
The three-year project will provide the necessary integrated, transdisciplinary framework to assess climate impacts on the agricultural sector and will build capacity for continuing agricultural assessment and management in developing countries under changing climate conditions. AgMIP implementation will be led by ARS, Columbia University and University of Florida scientists. Research activities, implemented through an agreement with Columbia University, will be led through the coordination of four project teams:
1) Crop Modeling (led by University of Florida; and CSIRO, Australia)
2) Economics (led by Oregon State University; and IFPRI)
3) Climate Scenarios (led by Columbia University/NASA GISS)
4) Information Technologies (led by University of Florida; and Wageningen Univeristy, Netherlands).
Each project team will have U.S. and international co-leads, and coordinates AgMIP participation from both developed and developing country research institutions to ensure that project activities are conducted with consistent protocols. USDA-ARS scientists are playing key roles in the development and conduct of research as members of each of the project teams. The teams will hold regular teleconferences to facilitate communication among participants and provide a mechanism for regular updates and oversight, enabling the teams to identify and address any problems that may occur. The teams will also help to organize and participate in annual AgMIP meetings. Visits to AgMIP participating field sites will also be conducted by one or more team members. This will also provide additional support to GEOSHARE implemented by Perdue University.
This project is implemented through an agreement with Columbia University (3625-11610-001-15G), with significant support from the Department for International Development (DFID), UK and is being led by USDA-ARS, University of Florida, and Columbia University with participation from scientists from 40 different countries representing a range of crops, climate change, and economics. Key partnerships have been developed with Oregon State University, Wageningen University, IFPRI, and CSIRO to further develop the AgMIP goals and individuals from these goals serve in various roles as team leaders. Priority activities early in the period included full review and decision of proposals to fund for sub Saharan Africa (SSA) and South Asia (SA). Leaders also contributed to the development of a document that describes the characteristic activities and budget to enable the role, and placement of eight new persons, each linked to particular funded project in SSA and SA. The North American AgMIP workshop took place from Sep 4-7, 2012 in partnership with USDA Ames, Iowa and included sessions on crop model improvement efforts, particularly model responses to high temperature and CO2 levels and interactions with water availability. The 3rd Global AgMIP Workshop took place from Oct 10-12, 2012, in partnership with FAO in Rome. Documentation of AgMIP Sentinel Site data was advanced. This improved criteria for status levels of data. Abstracts for papers to be presented at the American Society of Agronomy were submitted. The initiation of regional projects in SSA and SA with kickoff training workshops in each region was successful with the teams each establishing fast-track studies to demonstrate proof of concept for selected crops in the regions. Teams returned to their regions and held their own work sessions to establish research plans and to discuss with stakeholders plausible outcomes of research on linked climate-crop-economic systems. Other key activity included the development of protocols and a handbook with training materials for integrated assessment, the development and testing of AgMIP IT tools for regional integrated using multiple crop models, and development of a global-gridded crop model intercomparison for use in global climate assessments. There was considerable progress on global economic model intercomparisons, and plans for additional capacity building in SSA and SA on integrated assessments using economic crop models. Training was held in Nepal and India, in March and Dubai in May 2013. These trainings were designed to build capacity in the use of the AgMIP approach and tools as well as to build training capacity in the regions so that future training can be conducted by these newly trained AgMIP persons. In addition, discussions were initiated with potential future partners, including FAO, WMO, and ILSI Center that involves public-private partnership research collaboration.