2013 Annual Report
Research continued to be conducted to identify new compounds that were toxic to mosquitoes, identify new repellents and other personal protection tools against mosquitoes and biting flies, and develop new and improved methods for applying toxicants. This research was conducted in close collaboration with active duty military personnel in the continental U.S. and internationally. Examples of research conducted under this project include: studies of residual barrier treatments on native vegetation and artificial substrates in desert, tropical, and sub-tropical habitats for control of mosquitoes and sand flies; bite protection evaluation of permethrin-treated military uniforms; studies on pesticide-induced gene expression and identification of crucial proteins; insecticide-treated targets for house fly exclusion; laboratory comparison of attraction-inhibitors against Phlebotomus papatasi sand flies; and reduction of host-seeking responses of mosquitoes by sub-lethal pesticide exposure. Progress was monitored with meetings and discussions with the ARS National Leader for Program 104, Deployed War Fighter Protection (DWFP) Research Program committee members, and associated Department of Defense (DoD) personnel who visited the Center for Medical, Agricultural, and Veterinary Entomology or at other venues. These interactions included multiple presentations at the Annual Review of the DWFP Research Program at Oxford, MS (December 2012) and at annual meetings of the Society for Vector Ecology in St. Augustine, FL (September 2012), the Florida Mosquito Control Association at Miramar Beach, FL (November 2012), the Entomological Society of America in Knoxville, TN (November 2012), the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene in Atlanta, GA (November 2012), and the American Mosquito Control Association in Atlantic City, NJ (February 2013), as well as at periodic meetings of the Armed Forces Pest Management Board in Silver Spring, MD.