2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
1. To develop improved fruit fly trapping and control systems and integrated pest management programs for control of exotic fruit flies that threaten U.S. agriculture.
2. The effective sampling area for traps baited with the food-based synthetic attractant developed by ARS, critical information that is needed by State and Federal action agencies in the U.S. for use in detection and delimitation of fruit flies.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
ARS will provide equipment, training and protocols to FHIA personnel for the antennal sensitivity studies. Populations of fruit flies that are not found in the continental U.S., but that are of quarantine concern for the U.S. agriculture, are endemic in Honduras. These include Mediterranean fruit flies, Mexican fruit flies, West Indian fruit flies and guava fruit flies. The research objective is to determine effective sampling area of traps and lures developed by the scientist at SHRS and to assess antennal sensitivity to bood-based lures.
This research is directly related to inhouse objective 3. Develop practical systems for integrated pest management that reduce the threat of importation of exotic pests from foreign tropical and subtropical environments.
Field sites were monitored for fruit fly populations to locate sites that would be suitable for studies on newly developed bait stations. Delays in obtaining prototype bait stations were encountered by SHRS scientists, which prevented initiation of field tests. However, information obtained on fruit fly population dynamics at these sites will be used to developing protocols for studies to be conducted during the next field season.