2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
This project is the study of the North American plums, subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus. Specific objectives include the collection and identification of the plant specimens from the wild to increase Prunus germplasm availability at the National Germplasm Repository at Davis, CA and the clarification of their phylogenetic framework (relatedness, evolution, and character/trait diversification). A subset of representatives of the subgenus Prunus section Prunocerasus and other taxa (genus Prunus) available at the National Germplasm Repository will be included in this research to assess the morphological and genetic valus of the newly collected material. Identification of species relatedness and further classification will allow the NPGS to manimize resources and to increase the species/groups genetic variability (heterozygosity) available at the germplasm repository.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Collection of the plant specimens, a total of 27 species with 5-10 accessions per taxa, will be made from the wild (excluding P. mume, P. salicina, and P. japonica). The majority of these species have been identified to be of importance and needed by the Natioanal Clonal Germpalsm Repository in the Prunus vulnerability statement 2010.
This project relates to inhouse parent project objective 2, "Strategically fill gaps in the current coverage of genetic resource collections for grape, tree fruit, tree nut, and other specialty crops adapted to Mediterranean climates through international and domestic germplasm exchanges and plant explorations". Collection trips were made throughout the eastern United States. This resulted in Prunus seed being collected from wild relative trees. These seeds have been transmitted to the National Clonal Germplasm Repository (NCGR). This is relates to inhouse project Objective 1, "Efficiently and effectively conserve, back-up, regenerate, characterize, and evaluate genetic resources of grape, tree fruit, tree nut, and other specialty crops adapted to Mediterranean climates, and distribute germplasm and associated information worldwide". We are strategicallyexpanding the genetic diversity in the collections. The reseaarch project was extended and we have not received the report from the cooperator yet.