Plant Explorations for Germplasm of Bioenergy Crops
National Germplasm Resources
2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
To obtain germplasm of bioenergy crops for conservation in the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Germplasm needed for research on bioenergy crops will be collected in areas from which little or no germplasm is currently available in ex situ collections. Explorations in foreign countries will be conducted in collaboration with host country scientists, and collecting permits will be obtained as required by national laws. Germplasm will be collected in the form of seeds, rhizomes, or divisions, and will be documented with locality, latitude and longitude, elevation, plant description, and growing environment. Herbarium voucher specimens will be made as appropriate. Samples of germplasm and associated documentation will be deposited in the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System and in a germplasm collection of each host country. A detailed report for each trip, including information on all samples obtained, will be provided to ARS.
Seed samples of Miscanthus (a perennial grass with high biomass production) collected on a plant exploration in Russia in 2012 have been sent to the ARS Plant Introduction Station in Griffin, Georgia. Clonal samples are being tested for pathogens by the USDA-APHIS Plant Germplasm Quarantine Program in Beltsville, Maryland. Backups and some additional material are being maintained at Aarhus University in Denmark. The additional clonal material will be sent to the U.S. as soon as the quarantine program has slots available to process it.