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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Research Project: Biology, Ecology, and Management of Brown Marmorated Stink Bug in Orchard Crops, Small Fruit, Grapes, Vegetables, and Ornamentals

Location: Appalachian Fruit Research Laboratory

2012 Annual Report


1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
The objectives of this project will be: .
1)assess biology and phenology of brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB) in specialty crops;.
2)develop monitoring and management tools for BMSB;.
3)establish effective management strategies for BMSB in specialty crops; and.
4)integrate stakeholder input and research findings to form and deliver practical outcomes.


1b.Approach (from AD-416):
The BMSB, Halyomorpha halys (Stal), is an invasive insect native to China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan that was introduced into the Allentown, PA, region in the mid 1990s. Currently, BMSB is well established throughout DE, MD, PA, NJ, VA and WV, and has been officially detected in 26 states and the District of Columbia. BMSB is polyphagous pest of numerous specialty crops in Asia. In 2010, BMSB populations increased dramatically and attacked many high value specialty crops in the mid-Atlantic region. Damage in commercial tree fruit orchards reached critical levels with some growers losing entire blocks of stone fruit and incurring severe economic injury in apples and Asian pears. Serious problems were detected in a variety of other specialty crops including peppers, tomatos, raspberries, and grapes. In addition, the consequences of BMSB infestation to other specialty crops such as ornamentals are not fully known, the risk to other specialty crops such as lima beans seems high, and questions of potential disease transmission and post-harvest issues continue to arise. As the threat posed by spreading BMSB populations to U.S. agriculture continues to increase, there is no established detection method, treatment threshold, or control strategy for BMSB in any cropping system.


3.Progress Report:

The brown marmorated stink bug (BMSB), Halyomorpha halys (Stål) is an invasive insect native to China, Taiwan, Korea, and Japan that has emerged as pest of unprecedented importance to specialty crops in the United States. Currently, BMSB is well established throughout DE, MD, PA, NJ, VA and WV, and has been officially detected in 38 states and the District of Columbia. BMSB is a polyphagous pest of numerous specialty crops in Asia. As the threat to U.S. agriculture posed by spreading BMSB populations continues to increase, there is no established detection method, treatment threshold, or control strategy for BMSB in any cropping system. Therefore, we have begun to address the following objectives: (1) establish biology and phenology of BMSB in specialty crops; (2) develop monitoring and management tools for BMSB; (3) establish effective management programs for BMSB in specialty crops; and (4) integrate stakeholder input and research findings to form and deliver practical outcomes. Substantial progress has been made on all objectives. We have begun to establish biology, phenology and damage characteristics for tree fruit, small fruit, vegetables, grapes and ornamentals. We have identified the pheromone of BMSB and established paramters for light-based stimuli to be used in traps. We have begun surveys for natural enemies in specialty cropping systems and wild habitats. We have established efficacy of insecticides for BMSB using both lab and field studies. We are developing outreach programming for specialty crop producers, crop consultants and extension personnel.


Last Modified: 11/22/2014
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