Cooperative Milling and Baking Evaluation for Eastern U.S. Wheat Breeding Programs
Corn, Soybean and Wheat Quality Research Unit
2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
Evaluate the milling and baking quality of wheat grain samples of new wheat cultivars submitted to the Soft Wheat Quality Laboratory by research programs in the Eastern U.S.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Annually, approximately 23 public and private soft wheat breeding programs, crop improvement associations, and wheat marketing associations from the eastern half of the United States will send the SWQL up to 400 micro-sized (200 grams) and 60 macro-sized (400 grams) test lines. Samples for breeding and genetic studies total more than 5,000 annually. Samples will arrive from June through February; one to six months post harvest. Breeders supply known quality check samples, against which test lines are contrasted. Each sample set is part of a controlled breeding experiment designed to achieve a specific research objective within the researcher’s program. Most are selection experiments to identify superior genotypes for cultivar release.
We performed a comprehensive end-use quality evaluation of the following regional nurseries: the Brownstown-Illinois Wheat Variety Trial, the Urbana-Illinois Wheat Variety Trial, the Uniform Southern Winter Wheat Nursery, the Uniform Eastern Winter Wheat Nursery, the Gulf- Atlantic Wheat Nursery, the Mason-Dixon Winter Wheat Nursery, the Uniform Eastern White Wheat Nursery, the Northern Uniform Winter Wheat Scab Nursery, and the Southern Uniform Winter Wheat Scab Nursery. All results were posted to the USDA websites at: https://www.ars.usda.gov/Main/Docs.htm?docid=3032. Uniform Southern and Uniform Eastern Winter Wheat Nurseries were included in reports to the nursery coordinator and those results were publicized at: http://www.ars.usda.gov/Main/docs.htm?docid=21894. The two Fusarium head blight nurseries (Scab) were publicized to the research community through the US Wheat and Barley Scab Initiative website at: www.scabusa.org.
This project addresses objective 4 of the parent project: Define soft wheat quality targets and measure eastern U.S. soft wheat breeding materials against those targets for the breeding programs and the milling industry.