Project Number: 2056-31610-005-02
Start Date: Aug 10, 2011
End Date: May 31, 2015
Experimental research will rely on manipulations of precipitation amount, seasonality, and state (i.e., warming-induced shift from snow to rain) to study the effects of altered climate on 1) plant demographic rates, 2) plant-plant interactions, 3) carbon and nitrogen cycling, and 4) linkages between nutrient cycling and plant performance. Observational studies will focus on plant demographic rates and interactions in the same permanent plots that have been studied since the 1920's. The experimental and observational results will be used to parametrize and validate demographically mechanistic, multispecies population models. Simulations of these models will project changes in community composition under future climate scenarios, accounting for plant-plant interactions. Results of the nutrient cycling research will be used to evaluate the relative importance of nutrient cycling, soil moisture, and temperature in driving changes in plant demographic rates under altered environmental conditions.