Location: Southeast Area
2013 Annual Report
Objective 2: Conduct research, analyze data, and publish in peer-reviewed journal(s) results from the StartSmart project to determine if this program can improve maternal and neonatal/infant weight and metabolic health via education of the mothers.
Objective 3: Evaluate iron status in pregnant women with appropriate follow-up post-partum. Link this to weight status, dietary intake, and inflammatory markers.
In collaboration with UIC, ARS researchers have designed and implemented an 18-month, randomized, controlled comparative trial testing the efficacy of two Maternal, Infant, and Early Childhood Home Visiting programs on weight status, dietary intake, and health behaviors of African American mothers and their infants residing in the rural Mississippi Delta. The control arm, Parents as Teachers (PaT), is an evidence-based approach to increase parental knowledge of child development and improve parenting practices. The experimental arm, Parents as Teachers Enhanced (PaTE), builds on the PaT curriculum by including nutrition and physical activity components designed for the gestational and postnatal periods. Training in recruiting techniques, PaT curriculum, PaTE curriculum, anthropometric measurement, 24-hour dietary recall methodology, and computer-assisted personal interviewing for the Project Manager and three Parent Educators was conducted beginning in August 2012, and is on-going. Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval for this study was received in December 2012. Participant recruitment began in late January 2013. As of July 2013, 56 individuals were referred to the study, 53 were screened, 35 were determined ineligible, and 18 were enrolled into the study. Data collection is on-going. In June 2013, a protocol manuscript was submitted for publication.
In collaboration with the Louisiana State University and UIC, ARS researchers have designed an ancillary study to the Louisiana Moms and Babies Study (LAMBS), which aims to address maternal overweight in Louisiana. LAMBS is a randomized clinical trial of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation in overweight pregnant women residing in Louisiana. Institutional Review Board (IRB) approvals were received for LAMBS, on March 12, 2013, from Woman’s Hospital in Baton Rouge, Louisiana; and on May 14, 2013, from Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana. IRB approval for the ancillary study is underway.
In collaboration with the University of Southern Mississippi, ARS researchers have completed the analysis of a six-month, community based participatory research walking intervention, HUB City Steps. This study was designed to address two of the most notable health priorities for African American adults, a lack of physical activity and a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease. These efforts have resulted in one published, three submitted, and two manuscripts in preparation; three abstracts presented at national conferences; and one talk given at a national conference.
Thomson, J.L., Landry, A.S., Zoellner, J.M., Tudor-Locke, C., Webster, M., Connell, C., Yadrick, K. 2012. Several steps/day indicators predict changes in anthropometric outcomes: HUB city steps. BioMed Central(BMC) Public Health. 12:983.
Tussing Humphreys, L.M., Thomson, J.L., Mccabe, B.A., Strickland, E., Lovera, D., Bogle, M.L. 2012. A school-based fruit and vegetable snacking pilot intervention for Lower Mississippi Delta children. Infant, Child and Adolecscent Nutrition. 4(6):340-7.