Location: Foreign Animal Disease Research
Project Number: 1940-32000-056-09
Start Date: Jan 01, 2011
End Date: Dec 31, 2014
1. Develop recombinant African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) strains by deletion of one or more viral genes already described as responsible for inducting attenuation of highly virulent ASF strains. Critical ASFV genes that are responsible for inducing attenuation of highly virulent ASF strains will be deleted individually or as a group. This deletion should confer virus replication but not disease production. 2. Test attenuated ASFV strains for their ability to induce protection against challenge with homologous, well-characterized, virulent ASFV isolates. This will be done through: Testing strains for in vivo attenuation, testing for efficacy against homologous challenge, determination of minim protective dose response, evaluation of protection profile for at least one attenuated ASFV vaccine candidate, and the evaluation of lead vaccine candidate to induce sterile immunity. 3. Evaluate and confirm cross-protection conferred by lead vaccine candidate (obj. 2) by using genetically diverse ASFV strains.