Location: Cereal Crops Research
Project Number: 5442-21000-037-21
Start Date: Feb 01, 2011
End Date: Jan 31, 2014
U.S. barley and wheat breeders will provide standardized field-based evaluations of biotic and abiotic stress tolerance, nitrogen use efficiency and yield from genotyped breeding lines and segregation populations. Physiologists will develop high throughput phenotyping methods for drought, heat and nitrogen use efficiency. A highly parallel SNP genotyping platforms developed by Illumina will be used to genotype over 8,000 wheat and barley core collections to evaluate genetic diversity. Based on genotype and phenotype data, a subset of germplasm will be selected to cross with elite lines to generate mapping populations to identify SNP markers associated with biotic and abiotic stresses. Large-scale SNP genotyping platforms will be developed to integrate genomic selection (GS) approach in the practical breeding scheme in wheat. The smaller-scale SNP genotyping platforms containing markers linked to known genes and previously identified marker-trait associations will be developed for breeding applications using marker-assisted selection and GS approaches in wheat and barley. A project database will be developed to integrate genotype, phenotype and pedigree data. Theoretical framework and web-based tools will also be developed to help breeders implement MAS and GS in barley and wheat breeding programs.