Start Date: Apr 25, 2011
End Date: Apr 24, 2016
The focus of this research would be called the “transmission phase” by epidemiologists or the “migration phase” by ecologists. Processing of poultry products creates many severe barriers to transmission such that most of the pathogens are lost. However, it is clear that the barriers are incomplete and enough pathogens survive and pass to human consumers to cause foodborne disease. It is reasonable to assume that bacteria have adaptive strategies that improve the chances that some clones will survive processing making transmission to humans possible. The objectives of this project are designed to determine the relative ability of genetically different clones of foodborne pathogens to survive barriers that are encountered in the poultry processing plant. This will be followed by studying specific biological barriers that are common to ecosystems and are often responsible for limiting migration of bacteria. It is also likely that protozoa will be found in the processing environment that are not only ineffective in killing pathogens but may even be protective. Therefore, we plan to study the mechanisms of destruction or protection as they are uncovered. The knowledge that is gained from these studies will be used to design enhanced barriers in an attempt to improve the microbiological benefits of poultry processing. Sub-objective 1.A augments objective 1 which will provide important knowledge to design intervention strategies to improve poultry processing.