2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this Annex is to establish the Center for Agricultural Products Processing, co-located at the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences, Beijing, People’s Republic of China and the USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) Western Regional Research Center, Albany, California, United States. Each center will conduct research, develop scientific tools and technology, and introduce improved methods for agricultural products processing in combination with other human pursuits that socially and economically maintain livelihoods and protect the environment through information exchange, education and proactive extension services. This Annex is subject to the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement and the Protocol. In the event of any conflict between the terms and conditions of the S & T Agreement or the Protocol and this Annex, the S & T Agreement and the Protocol shall govern.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Cooperation under this Annex may include, but is not limited to, the following topic areas:
(1) Products Development Technology: Industrialized production for traditional foods, new products development aiming at promoting health foods, functional foods and value-added foods.
(2) Processing Engineering Technology: Grading technology; technologies of quality grading and on-line fast testing and examining; technologies of super critical liquid extraction, membrane separating and concentration; vacuum microwave drying, far infrared drying technology; technology of ultrahigh pressure; high intensive pulses magnetic field sterilizing and high intensive pulses electric fields sterilizing technology.
(3) Agro-products Bio-Engineering and Information: Technologies of enzyme engineering, biological fermentation engineering, automation technology of electronic information, standardized processing technology and traceability of agricultural products.
(4) Utilization of Agro-material Resources: Technology of comprehensive and high efficient utilization of agricultural waste.
(5) Information services and technology transfer: Assemble, manage and publish data and information resources for research, education and public service.
To generate broad interest and increased activities, the Parties will, upon mutual consent, involve other interested government agencies and the scientific and business communities of both countries in cooperative programs, trade capacity-building activities, and scientific cooperation and exchanges in implementation of this Annex.
The annual Joint Working Group met in Yangling China on Feb 21-23, 2011 to review progress in this activity. This activity has created a virtual joint center to coordinate activities for the annex, called the Joint Center for Agricultural Product Processing (Center). The virtual Center is co-headquartered at USDA ARS Western Regional Research Center (WRRC), Albany, CA, and the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences (CAAMS), Beijing, China. Leadership for the Joint Center is provided by Dr. Hongda Chen, USDA-NIFA (NIFA) and Dr. Frank Flora, USDA-ARS for the United States and by Dr. Jingdun Jia, Dept. of Rural Sci. &Tech., MOST and Dr. Zhi Chen, CAAMS for China. Under this annex there are several interactions between US Land grant scientists as well as ARS scientists. A website for the Center is under construction. The Center held the 3rd workshop for US-Sino scientists in Sept 16-20, 2010 in conjunction with the International Agricultural Engineering Conference held in Shanghai. The main themes included processing technologies and materials; value-added products with improved quality, safety and function; information systems; and detection and evaluation methods. The U.S. delegation consisted of 13 scientists made presentations and discussed topics for future collaborations. US scientists visited Chinese universities and laboratories. US scientists leveraged their USDA/NIFA grants and others for their collaboration with Chinese scientists. Dr. Renfu Lu, ARS at East Lansing, MI and Michigan State Uni. visited three Chinese Universities in Oct 2010, where he gave a seminars on hyperspectral imaging for horticultural and food products evaluation at China Agricultural and Jiangsu Universities. Dr. Yanbin Li, Professor and ASABE Fellow, University of Arkansas in collaboration with Dr. Yibin Ying of Zhejiang Uni. organized the International Symposium of Applications of Nanotechnology and Biosensors in Agriculture and Food, held on April 2011, in Hanzhou, China. On April 16, 2011 members of the symposium visited the School of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science on Zijingang campus. Dr. Feng Chen, Assoc. Prof. Dept. of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Clemson University, SC, and Dr. Yueming Jiang of Southern Botanical Garden of Chinese Academy of Science, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, have been awarded by the Chinese National Scientific Foundation for an international collaborative research project on evaluation of mechanism of fruit toxins formation postharvest (2010-12). Collaborations under this annex resulted in many joint publications. Most of the scientists involved have expanded their collaborations with multiple universities and research institutes.