2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
The objective of this cooperative research project is to develop novel cool-season grass and legume germplasm and associated management technologies for use in irrigated and non-irrigated mesic, temperate growing environments.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Collaborative experiments will be designed and implemented either in the laboratory or the field depending upon the specific research objectives. Laboratory experiments will be conducted jointly in Logan, Utah, and the Institute of Animal Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences (IAS, CAAS), Beijing, China, where research concerning the evaluation of diverse germplasm for abiotic stress environments are being conducted. Where experiments involve the development of evaluation technologies (abiotic stresses including, but not limited to, heat, drought and salinity) for the identification of unique grass and legume genotypes, work will be performed in Logan, Utah, and by the IAS, CAAS. Germplasm evaluation of Chinese and U.S. grass and legume accessions (cultivars and lines) will be conducted in the Great Basin Region of Utah and in Beijing, China, under irrigated and non-irrigated growing conditions and in the greenhouse as deemed appropriate. This research will attempt to: .
1)assess the genetic diversity of U.S. and Chinese grasses, legumes, and forage shrub germplasm;.
2)develop technologies for evaluating these plant materials under stress and non-stress environments, and;.
3)identify novel plant materials further evaluation and potential use in breeding.
This project continues to be a valuable asset to the FRRL. In late 2012 and early 2013, a plan was conceived to have a 2013 U.S./Sino Grass Alliance meeting at Harbin, China, where a meeting would be help with all alliance members (10) to discuss on-going research and develop plans for more cooperative research efforts among Chinese institutions. Site visits to cooperative research plots also associated with this meeting were planned to allow cooperators to see research at other institutions. These activities were designed to allow for training of Chinese scientists by FRRL scientists in data collection and for assessment of trial plots for future data collection. These planned activities did not come to fruition because of USDA travel restrictions and congressionally instituted budget rescissions in which travel to this meeting by FRRL personal could not be accommodated. A similar meeting will be planned in 2014, which will seek to reach the objectives of the meeting planned in 2013.