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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Related Topics

Research Project: Development of Genomic Tools for Almond Rootstock Improvement

Location: National Clonal Germplasm Rep - Tree Fruit & Nut Crops & Grapes

Project Number: 2032-21000-020-03
Project Type: Trust

Start Date: Aug 01, 2010
End Date: Jul 31, 2015

Objective:
Objective 1. Assemble and validate in silico discovered SNPs of peach. Objective 2. SNP discovery based on EST resources developed from a set of diverse peach, almond and wild species. Objective 3. Molecular characterization of peach and almond wild relatives, and production and testing of interspecific hybrids to identify novel sources of resistance to soil borne diseases.

Approach:
Objective 1. Assemble and validate in silico discovered peach SNPs. Both GDR and ESTree databases contain high quality, annotated peach, almond and peach x almond EST sequences assembled into contigs using CAP3 program with associated sequence and assembly quality (phred and phrap) information. Putative SNPs have been identified using autoSNP program and mapped on to these contigs with associated quality and reliability information. In silico discovered SNPs will be validated by either of the following methods: (1) resequencing of a diverse panel of peach and almond genotypes using primers designed flanking regions of the SNPs and sequences aligned with those predicted and position of SNP checked and recorded; or (2) High-throughput SNaPshot multiplex system (Applied Biosystems) followed by capillary electrophoresis for SNP visualization. Objective 2. SNP discovery based on EST resources developed from a set of diverse peach, almond and wild species. Normalized root specific cDNA libraries for six diverse genotypes including peach, almond, and peach x almond hybrid will be constructed using Creator SMART™ cDNA Library Construction Kit (Takara Clontech, Palo Alto, CA) by following the manufacturer’s protocol. A pooled library will be sequenced using Illumina GAII platform to generate ESTs and for SNP discovery. The sequence data will be processed to assess quality and reads are aligned and analyzed using the short-read alignment tool ELAND and GenomeStudio data analysis softwares to detect and confirm SNPs. Confirmed SNPs will be assessed for functionality, designability and high quality SNPs will be selected for Oligonucleotide Pool Assay (OPA) with the Illumina Assay Design Tool. The OPAs also known as GoldenGate Assay will be used to perform SNP genotyping. Objective 3. Molecular characterization of peach and almond wild relatives and production and testing of interspecific hybrids (see Table 1) to identify novel sources of resistance to soil borne diseases. A set of selected germplasm of peach, almond and some of the wild relatives involved in the production of interspecific hybrids (hereafter called association mapping population) will be genotyped using the Illumina GoldenGate Assay and the same set of germplasm accessions and hybrids will be clonally propagated and subjected to extensive disease-pest screening in conjunction with the SCRI project funded by the CDFA block grant. The genotypic and phenotypic data will be subjected to association genetic (linkage disequilibrium) analysis to indentify markers linked to disease-pest resistance.

Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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