Location: Systematic Entomology
2012 Annual Report
Molecular analysis of pest leaf-mining, galling, fruit flies, and their parasitoids were carried out. Taxon specific-primers for PCR amplification and DNA sequencing have been designed for both mitochondrial and nuclear genes in a variety of plant-feeding dipteran groups and their associated parasitoids. Specifically, these specialized primers have been designed for Liriomyza, Phytomyza, and other leafmining flies, Blepharoneura fruit flies, and for the braconid parasitoids attacking these groups. DNA has been extracted and sequenced from more than 1500 individual specimens during the period from October 1, 2011 to June 28, 2012. Two manuscripts reporting results from this work are currently being prepared. Data collection is continuing on these groups in order to better understand species limits, ecological interactions, and host ranges of the plant pests and their parasitoids.
Taxonomy of New World tachinid flies and soldier flies was studied. Specimens of tachinid flies of the genus Belvosia have been sorted to morphospecies and compared with types in the U.S. National Museum of Natural History and the Canadian National Collection, which contain the majority of these reference specimens. New material of Belvosia received from collaborator has been added to the research collection, sorted to morphospecies, and DNA barcoded. One new species was found in this material. Additional illustrations of male genitalia, critical for making identifications, have been completed. The specimens assembled of the soldier fly genus Paraberismyia have been reviewed and genitalia illustrations completed. The research paper on how to identify the species, and describing new species, is in preparation.
Scientific identification of agriculturally important flies were made. In the period from October 1, 2011 to June 12, 2012, 665 submittals (2,688 specimens) were identified,including more than 197 "urgent" submittals for USDA-APHIS-PPQ of specimens intercepted on perishable commodities at ports-of-entry.
Garcia, F.M., Zucchi, R.A., Norrbom, A.L. 2011. Tephritoid flies (Diptera, Tephritoidea) and their plant hosts from the state of Santa Catarina in southern Brazil. Florida Entomologist. 94:151-157.
Nelson, L.A., Scheffer, S.J., Yeates, D.K. 2011. Two new species of sympatric Fergusonina flies (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) from bud galls on high elevation snow gums (Eucalyptus pauciflora Sieb. ex Spreng. complex) in the Australian Alps. Australian Journal of Entomology. 50:356-364.
Norrbom, A.L. 2011. A new species of Molynocoelia Giglio-Tos (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Ecuador. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington. 113:492-496.
Woodley, N.E. 2011. A world catalog of the Xylophagidae (Insecta: Diptera). Myia. 12:455-500.
Woodley, N.E. 2011. A world catalog of the Stratiomyidae (Insecta: Diptera): a supplement with revisionary notes and Errata. Myia. 12:379-415.
Lonsdale, O., Scheffer, S.J. 2011. Revision of the Nearctic holly leaf miners in the genus Phytomyza (Diptera: Agromyzidae), including descriptions of four new species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 104(6):1183-1206.
Miller, G.L., Carmichael, A., Farvet, C., Scheffer, S.J. 2012. Room temperature DNA storage with slide-mounted Aphid specimens. Insect Conservation and Diversity. 6(3):447-451.
Nelson, L.A., Scheffer, S.J., Yeates, D.K. 2011. Three new species of Fergusonina Malloch fly (Diptera: Fergusoninidae) from bud galls on Eucalyptus L'Her. (E. baxteri (Benth.) Maiden & Blakely complex, E. dalrympleana Maiden and E. pauciflora Sieb. ex Spreng.). Australian Journal of Entomology. 3112:36-48.
Norrbom, A.L., Korytkowski, C.A. 2011. A new species of Anastrepha (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Colombia, Costa Rica and Panama. The Canadian Entomologist. 144:158-168.
Sutton, B.D., Steck, G.J., Norrbom, A.L. 2012. New species of Gymnocarena Hering (Diptera: Tephritidae) from Eastern North America and Guatemala, and the redescription of G. mississippiensis Norrbom. The Canadian Entomologist. 144:248-265.
Woodley, N.E. 2011. A Catalog of the World Xylomyidae (Insecta: Diptera). Myia. 12:417-453.