2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this cooperative research project is to obtain improved efficiency in the development and testing of new climate-specific sugarcane varieties through exchange and evaluation of seed and vegetative cuttings of sugar cane with the ultimate goal of releasing new, higher-yielding pest-resistant sugarcane varieties that can be used for the production of sugar (sugarcane) and/or bioenergy (energy cane).
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
ARS and the Cooperator will exchange seed and vegetative material of released varieties, experimental breeding lines, and elite sugar/energy cane varieties (Material) for testing and evaluation for specific traits of interest or as commercial sugar or energy cane cultivars.
The transfer to Hawaii Agricultural Research Center (HARC) of vegetative stalks of six experimental energy cane clones (Ho 01-17, Ho 02-144, Ho 02-147, US 72-114, Ho 06-9001 and Ho 06-9002), the commercial energy cane (Ho 00-961), and two released commercial sugarcane varieties (Ho 95-988 and L 99-233) was authorized from material being grown under a MTA with the University of Hawaii at Honolulu, HI. The material was planted in the field near Kunai, HI, and is being evaluated as a feedstock for bioenergy production. HARC also agreed to make crosses using six commercial sugarcane clones that were difficult to induce to flower on the mainland. Seed produced from these crosses were sent to the U.S. and were planted to the field in 2011 for evaluation.
The ultimate goal of this exchange is to release new, higher-yielding, pest-resistant sugarcane varieties. Monitoring activities to include the selection of experimental varieties to be exchanged, documentation required to accommodate shipments, shipping dates, and general condition of material upon arrival in the imported area are generally done by e-mail exchanges between the SRU’s Authorized Departmental Officer’s Representative (ADODR) and the Sponsor’s Designated Representative.