Location: Egg Safety and Quality
2012 Annual Report
The first production cycle was completed for hens in traditional cages, aviary, and enriched cages. Monthly sampling was completed on eggs and environmental samples from each type of housing to determine effects of housing on microbiological impact. Aerobic microorganisms and Enterobacteriaceae were enumerated while samples were enriched for Salmonella and Campylobacter. Salmonella and Campylobacter recovery was similar for traditional and aviary systems and lowest in enriched systems.
On a quarterly basis, the same populations were monitored for washed eggs and for processing facility environmental samples. Effects on egg quality were also determined on a quarterly basis. Counts and pathogen prevalence were low for environmental samples after eggs were washed. No pathogens were recovered from washed eggs regardless of housing type, including floor eggs from the aviary system.
After the last monthly samples were collected in June, the houses were re-sampled to determine the efficacy of cleaning procedures. As houses were de-populated no eggs were sampled. Pathogens were not recovered after disinfection procedures were performed.
On a quarterly basis, reports were delivered to Michigan State University. These reports contain general trends in data, progress within the quarter, and any concerns or additional needs. In addition, an annual meeting was held in Chicago in October 2011 and was attended by ARS PI. An additional meeting to discuss transition from the first to the second flock cycle was held in Minneapolis in April 2012 and was attended by ARS SY.