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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: DETERMINATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF UNINTENDED EFFECTS IN GENETICALLY MODIFIED FOOD CROPS

Location: Plant, Soil and Nutrition Research

Project Number: 1907-21000-032-00
Project Type: Appropriated

Start Date: Oct 01, 2010
End Date: Sep 18, 2013

Objective:
1. Determine if unintended effects are produced in transgenic crops, using fruit ripening in tomato as a model system. 1A. Determine if unintended effects are produced in transgenic crops, using gene expression analysis as a monitoring tool. 1B. Determine if unintended effects are produced in the fruit of transgenic crops that affect fruit quality or composition, through metabolomic and proteomic profiling and an examination of agronomic trait performance. 2. Genetically identify the genes affecting iron levels and bioavailability in maize seed using maize quantitative genetics and Caco-2 cell culture in vitro digestion assay. Determine Fe levels and bioavailability in genetically engineered maize seed.

Approach:
1) Utilize genomic, metabolomic, proteomic and agronomic approaches to evaluate phenotypic difference between tomatoes. 1A) Utilize natural diversity between tomato cultivars, together with conventional breeding techniques, to capture a reasonable phenotypic range from diverse tomato germplasm. 1B) Utilize RNAi and artificial microRNA gene silencing technologies to adjust RIN gene expression levels and alter fruit ripening. Compare phenotypic effects of transgenes to the range observed with conventional cultivars. 2) Leverage research on fruit specific or ripening stage specific promoter sequences to further tailor the modulation of RIN gene expression in the target tissue. Assess the efficacy of tailored gene modulation on reducing unintended effects via genomic, metabolomic, proteomic and agronomic monitoring.

Last Modified: 8/1/2014
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