2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
Provide a non-monetary benefit to Morocco for providing access to U.S. scientists the access and export wild and cultivated plant genetic resources within Morocco.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
ARS is interested in the collection, conservation, evaluation, and use of genetic resources of agronomic and horticultural crops and closely related taxa native to Morocco. The NGRL/PEO project plan: 1275-21000-228-00D, has two objectives that directly relate to this agreement:.
1)identify, collect and conserve needed plant genetic resources and 2). In compliance with international treaties and national policies, develop innovative approaches for access and benefit-sharing that enhance donor nations’ capacity to conserve, document, and use genetic resources, and provide NPGS access to these genetic resources. The Cooperator is interested in the collection, conservation, evaluation, and use of genetic resources of agronomic and horticultural species economically important to Morocco. This grant specifically supports the pollination controlled increase of seeds collected during the 2010 Joint Morocco-U.S. Plant Exploration for Beta and the initial characterization of the collected germplasm. Continued collaborations between ARS and the Cooperator will hopefully lead to additional plant explorations in Morocco and additional benefit sharing projects are likely under this grant.
This grant provides benefits to Morocco for allowing the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System access to their native plant genetic resources. In FY 11, the seed increase and characterization project funded through this grant was initiated and partially completed. This included the genetic resources obtained in the 2010 joint U.S.-Morocco plant exploration for Beta (beets). An additional joint U.S.-Morocco plant exploration for Beta, and to also include Allium (onions, chives, garlic) and Daucus (carrots), was collaboratively planned for 2011, but had to be postponed until 2012 in order to secure national permission for the collection activities. This agreement was monitored through e-mail.