EXCHANGE OF CROP GENETIC RESOURCES AND ASSOCIATED DOCUMENTATION FOR THE U.S. NATIONAL PLANT GERMPLASM SYSTEM
National Germplasm Resources
2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
Provide a non-monetary benefit to Morocco for providing access to U.S. scientists the access and export wild and cultivated plant genetic resources within Morocco.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
ARS is interested in the collection, conservation, evaluation, and use of genetic resources of agronomic and horticultural crops and closely related taxa native to Morocco. The NGRL/PEO project plan: 1275-21000-228-00D, has two objectives that directly relate to this agreement:.
1)identify, collect and conserve needed plant genetic resources and 2). In compliance with international treaties and national policies, develop innovative approaches for access and benefit-sharing that enhance donor nations’ capacity to conserve, document, and use genetic resources, and provide NPGS access to these genetic resources. The Cooperator is interested in the collection, conservation, evaluation, and use of genetic resources of agronomic and horticultural species economically important to Morocco. This grant specifically supports the pollination controlled increase of seeds collected during the 2010 Joint Morocco-U.S. Plant Exploration for Beta and the initial characterization of the collected germplasm. Continued collaborations between ARS and the Cooperator will hopefully lead to additional plant explorations in Morocco and additional benefit sharing projects are likely under this grant.
This grant facilitates providing benefits to Morocco for providing access to their native plant genetic resources for the USDA/ARS managed U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. Over the life of this project, four collaborative plant explorations were negotiated and supported under this agreement – a collection for native species of Beta (beet) in 2010 (southern Morocco) and in 2012 (northern Morocco) and plant explorations for Allium/Daucus (onions/garlic and carrot) in 2012 and 2013. The collected germplasm and associated documentation was entered into the U.S. National Plant Germplasm System and the National Genebank of Morocco.