Location: Rangeland Resources Research
2013 Annual Report
1)to identify the shifts in germination thresholds in selected species from the mixed-grass prairie as affected by global change conditions; and.
2)to identify the physiological mechanisms for the shifts, extend the results to plant functional groups and make general predictions on regeneration success of plants from not only grasslands but also other ecosystems. Seeds from native plants and invasive weeds produced in the Prairie Heating and CO2 Enrichment (PHACE) Experiment from 2007, 2008, and 2009 were tested in the growth chamber/germination facility at the University of Saskatchewan. Studies evaluated how heating, CO2 enrichment and irrigation affected seed fill percentage, viability, seed mass, and germination. The graduate student used thermal and hydrothermal time models to identify temperature and water thresholds during germination, and linked these threshold parameters to properties of seeds produced under climate change conditions. Additional seeds from 2010, 2011 and 2012 have been sent to the collaborating scientist. Seeds from these three years are being tested for additional evaluations of how climate change and CO2 affect seed quality. To ensure accountability of funds utilized, the ADODR holds telephone meetings at least every 6 months with the collaborating scientist and graduate student to discuss research; staff of both groups communicates regularly via email on experimental protocols and information needed in the continued collection of seeds for possible future analyses.