2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
Evaluate, identify, and develop sources of resistance to stem rust in wheat.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
North Carolina State University will identify and obtain sources of stem rust resistance in cooperation with the USDA/ARS Plant Science Research Unit (PSRU), and other collaborating breeding programs. These sources of resistance will be used as parents in the breeding program to introgress stem rust resistance into advanced breeding lines of winter wheat. Top and/or backcrosses to adapted elite lines will be made to develop desirable segregating populations. When available molecular markers for known sources of stem rust resistance will be used to characterize parental lines and in marker assisted transfer and selection of resistance. Segregating populations developed from the introgressions will be inbred and advanced using traditional and/or marker assisted breeding methods when markers are available. Pure lines selected from advance breeding populations will be genotyped using available molecular markers and phenotypes for reaction to stem rust will be obtained in cooperative disease screening experiments conducted in field, greenhouse and/or growth chamber trials. Elite lines having stem rust resistance will be evaluated in regional and uniform yield nurseries, and superior lines will be released as cultivars. Data and germplasm will be shared between ARS, North Carolina State University, and other collaborating scientists. North Carolina State University and ARS-Raleigh will cooperatively develop rust-resistant wheat and barley germplasm having adaptation to Pakistan.
This project is related to Objective 1 of the parent project: To identify sources of resistance to foliar fungal pathogens and introgress resistance into adapted wheat.
The second year of this breeding project continued. New sources of resistance to stem rust, race Ug99, were incorporated into elite germplasm from the North Carolina State soft wheat breeding program. Elite lines having stem rust resistance were genotyped for seven stem rust resistance genes. In addition, a new objective to facilitate efforts of Pakistani scientific institutions to ensure fast replacement of existing susceptible commercial varieties in Pakistan that are vulnerable to new races of stem rust with new cereal rust-resistant varieties working with partners in this Wheat Project, NARS, national seed programs and farmers, and to develop agronomic practices to enhance the productivity and sustainability of wheat and wheat systems in Pakistan.
Progress monitored through conversations with the cooperator by phone and email. A research planning and results meeting is held at ARS in Raleigh in August.