2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
To strengthen the collaborations between the Participants in areas of mutual interest through cooperative research programs and exchanges. To this end, the Participants intend jointly to explore and coordinate research activities of mutual interest which should be implemented by mutual understanding and in conformance with the regulations and policies of both Participants.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Foster long-term collaborative research and development activities, and intend to facilitate cooperation among agricultural institutions and specialists as jointly deemed appropriate. Cooperative activities may be in the following areas of interest: food safety and security, climate change, bio-security as it pertains to agriculture, crop production protection, biotechnology, water quality, integrated pest management, and animal production and health. Cooperative activities in other related areas may be considered by mutual agreement.
During this reporting period, ARS continued very fruitful collaborations with MOARD on several onging research activities. Scientists from ARS and the Agricultural Research Organization (ARO), Israel, participated in development of grant proposals that were submitted for the annual BARD competitive research call for proposals: Pre-harvest intervention of Campylobacter jejuni in broiler chickens; Development of effective vaccines to control Newcastle disease; Development of sustainable fly management tools in an area of global warming; Identification of prions and strain typing in herds by a novel conformation-dependent epitope modification immunoassay (CEMI); Determination of actual polymorphisms responsible for economic trait variation in dairy cattle; Elucidation of molecular and biochemical regulators of lipid accumulation during avocado fruit growth and development; Development of new strategies for carotenoid biofortification in food crops; How temperature stress changes carrot flavor: Elucidating the genetic determinants of undesired taste in carrots; Modeling and measurement of vine and inter-row water use and energy balance from vineyards in different climates and different management practices.; Genetic and transcriptomic analysis of postharvest decay resistance in Malus sieversii and the characterization of pathogenicity effectors in Penicillium expansum; Postharvest off-flavor prevention in mandarins: biochemical and genetic diversity and marker-assisted selection of tolerant varieties; Induction of apoptotic germination of fungal spores as an approach for combined pathogens control; and Waste to Worth: Active antimicrobial and health-beneficial food coating from byproducts of mushroom industry.