2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
Improve sugarcane production efficiency by enlarging the genetic base and developing cultural and chemical management strategies that insure optimum yields while reducing the threats of yield reduction associated with diseases, insects, and weeds.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Employ traditional and molecular breeding approaches that combine traits to overcome productivity barriers with genetic resistance to stresses associated with cold temperatures and disease and insect pests. Utilize an interdisciplinary research approach in a production system that does not include burning as a harvesting tool to develop environmentally friendly management strategies incorporating biological control, host-plant resistance, high unit activity pesticides, ripeners, and cultural practices to sustain soil health and insure profitability while reducing soil, nutrient, and pesticide loss and keeping pest populations below identified economic threshold levels.
The overall objective of this project is to improve the production efficiency of sugarcane by enlarging its genetic base and developing management strategies that ensure optimum yields while reducing the threats of yield reduction associated with diseases, insects, weeds, and the adoption of green-cane harvesting.
Funds provided by the American Sugarcane League (ASCL) provide partial support for the labor needs of the varietal development program at the Sugarcane Research Unit (SRU), Houma, LA, and support accomplishment of objectives in National Program 301. During FY 2013, seven research proposals were submitted to the ASCL by National Program 301-associated SRU scientists. All of the proposals submitted were at least partially funded.
Yearly progress in the funded research is summarized by the various SRU scientists, reviewed by the ARS Principal Investigator, and published in the Sugar Bulletin which serves as the monthly newsletter of the ASCL.