Plant Germplasm and Technology Exchange Between the U.S. and China
Tropical Crops and Germplasm Research
2013 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
To establish research collaboration in plant germplasm and technology exchange that is mutually beneficial in the evaluation, characterization, identification and preservation of cultivated and indigenous plant genetic resources.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
ARS and the Cooperator will exchange propagating material (true seed, budwood)of tropical and subtropical crops following recommended phytosanitary procedures, including quarantine. Materials will be increased in the greenhouse or field for future testing and evaluation for specific traits(e.g. disease resistance, enhanced yield and fruit quality)of interest or as commercial cultivars. DNA fingerprinting work will be conducted to assess genetic diversity. GRIN training will be provided if deemed necessary by both parties.
The objectives of the agreement correspond with objective 1 of the parent project: Evaluate tropical/sub-tropical fruit production systems and germplasm for broad agroenvironmental adaptation, high yield and productivity, and ability to produce fruits of superior quality.
A shipment of 20 seeds each of bayberry (Myrica rubra) accession San Li, Dong Kui, and Tse Min were provided by SWFU for increase at the National Plant Germplasm System (NPGS). A seminar titled “Economic Tree Crop Development in Yunnan, China” was presented by a SWFU scientist during a visit of scientific personnel from that institution to Hilo, Hawaii in July.