1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
The objective of this cooperative research project is to develop technologies and technology transfer activities for integrative assessment and monitoring of arid and semi-arid rangelands in Asia and North America.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Collaborative experiments will be designed and implemented at jointly identified sites in the Southwestern United States and Mongolian rangelands. Experiments will be patterned after existing experiments to. 1)design assessment and monitoring technologies that integrate ground-based and remotely sensed indicators of ecosystem properties, and. 2)design methods to described ecological sites in a global manner applicable to both U.S. and Mongolian rangelands. Technology transfer activities will be conducted on both continents through both field and classroom training programs.
Staff from the research unit worked in Mongolia for a total of 3 months sponsored by the MSRM during 2013. Activities focused on assessment and monitoring technologies suitable for use in Mongolia. USDA staff devoted over 200 hours to quality assurance/quality control of data collected in Mongolia for subsequent analyses. Interpretations of these data analyses are pending. The primary use of these rangelands is for livestock production, and these training and field site visits have been essential to transferring these monitoring technologies as well as providing additional scientific evaluations of their utility and application in drastically different environments than the western U.S.