2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
Develop and apply marker assisted breeding in Rosaceae fruit crops more efficiently and rapidly.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
We have organized a diverse team of researchers (genomicists, breeders, ag economists, and extension personnel)to:
1)increase the likelihood of new Rosaceae cultivar adoption,
2)integrate breeding and genomics resources by establishing a standardized statistical framework and breeding information management system,
3)establish sustainable infrastructure for an efficient MAB pipeline in Rosaceae including crop-specific SNP genome scan platforms for breeding-relevant germplasm,
4)implement the MAB pipeline to demonstrate application of efficient MAB schemes in U.S. breeding programs, and
5)enhance sustainability of cultivar development by training of current and future Rosaceae plant breeders and active engagement of industry stakeholders and the allied research community.
Specialty Crops Research Initiative. Documents Reimbursable with Michigan State. Log 39081.
Strawberry is one of the five fruit crops included in the USDA-funded multi-institutional and trans-disciplinary project, “RosBREED: Enabling Marker-Assisted Breeding in Rosaceae”. Crop reference sets that include genotypes and seedling populations representing the breadth of relevant diversity and encompassing founders used in breeding the domestic strawberry were developed, propagated, and fall-planted in Oregon, Michigan, California, New Hampshire, and Florida. Bin sets from the UK, The Netherlands and France were propagated and planted at each site this summer. Phenotypic traits were identified that will be used to comprehensively characterize this Crop Reference Set including fruit weight, firmness, skin toughness, soluble solids, titratable acidity, pH, external and internal color, flavor, shape, ease of capping, drip loss after freezing and thawing, and total anthocyanins for fruit quality attributes together with remontancy, crop load, disease resistance and plant architecture. Evaluation for all of these traits at all location is underway. Genome-wide genotypic information will also be developed for each member of the Crop Reference Set using single nucleotide polymorphisms. Pedigree Based Analysis will integrate phenotypic and genotypic data using FlexQTLTM software to identify and validate QTLs for important fruit quality traits. Economically valuable genetic tests will then be incorporated into breeding operations via an eight-stage Marker-Assisted Breeding Pipeline. This approach will provide powerful infrastructure for routine applications of marker-assisted breeding in strawberry.