1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
1. Description of the biology of invasive termites species in Hawaii, particularly Coptotermes gestroi.
2. Assessment of novel wood preservatives and engineered woods products for use in regions like Hawaii with high-risk structures from termites.
3. Improve baiting and targeted soil insecticide applications by integrating the control techniques with new knowledge about termite foraging behavior.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Objective 1: Coptotermes gestroi has been identified by ARS researchers and university cooperators as the principle new invasive termite species threatening Hawaii and the continental USA. Field sites for termite collection and monitoring will be established and we will quantify tunneling patterns of Asian subterranean termite in comparision to Formosan subterranean termite that could affect control methods, using laboratory arenas.
Objective 2: Determine wood preference of Asian subterranean termite and assess efficacy of novel wood products in laboratory assays.
Objective 3: Quantify tunneling patterns of Asian subterranean termite in comparison to Formosan subterranean termite that could affect control methods, using laboratory arenas. We will determine environmental characteristcs correlated with Asian subterranean termite infestation in Hawaii.
This Specific Cooperative Agreement (SCA) was initiated in 2010, is focused on biology and management of two particularly invasive termites in Hawaii, the American Pacific, and the southern continental USA: the Formosan Subterranean Termite (FST) and the Asian subterranean termite (AST). The AST is a recent invader, and our results represent the first information on this species in the United States. Continuation of the SCA is essential due to the long-term nature of several of the objectives, the support provided to students working on this project, and the need to build upon results obtained in the first year to develop and improve effective management techniques. Progress is monitored through report, emails, meetings & phone calls.