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United States Department of Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service

Research Project: Defining Metabolism Associated with Apple CO2 Injury Development
2012 Annual Report


1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
1. Determine metabolic pathways that have a direct or indirect role in CO2 injury inception and development. 2. Identify metabolites that may be useful for predicting or diagnosing CO2 injury during the pre-symptomatic stages. 3. Test the capacity of prospective metabolic biomarkers to predict or diagnose CO2 injury under different storage conditions known to affect injury occurrence or severity.


1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Apple fruit will be treated and stored under conditioned known to provoke or reduce scald. Broad untargeted metabolic profiling techniques will be used to track symptom development from disorder inception, through the asymptomatic development stages, and finally, during symptom development in fruit that are expected to, or not expected to, develop symptoms. Metabolomic data will be compiled and modeled using multivariate data-mining techniques to reveal associations among metabolites from multiple pathways and symptom development. Further experimentation will employ further treatment and storage-based contrasts that are expected to link other metabolites to disorder development while validating already discovered prospective metabolic biomarkers.


3.Progress Report:

This project relates to objective 1 of the associated in-house project which seeks to identify factors that influence postharvest fruit quality and development of market limiting physiological disorders. Our analysis of ‘Empire’ apple peel stored in conditions that typically produce crop loss from peel damage has revealed potential candidate biomarkers that assess risk for that injury as well as distinguish from other apple peel injuries. These evaluations are ongoing. It is expected that this knowledge will be used for tools that indicate risk of developing CO2 injury while apples are in storage.


Last Modified: 12/19/2014
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