2011 Annual Report
The Area-Wide Pest Management (AWPM) Program is one of the most important and heavily cited success stories at the Pacific Basin Agricultural Research Center during the past 5 years. Technology development was done primarily through the Tropical Crop and Commodity Protection Research Unit and was the culmination of many years of research. The AWPM program promoted inter-institutional cooperation (ARS, University of Hawaii, and Hawaii Department of Agriculture) to help solve one of the most important agricultural problems in Hawaii for local farmers with a combination of sanitation, reduced risk insecticides, and biological control. It has been the recipient of seven major IPM awards for excellence. Some of the major accomplishments to date include: (1) Statewide adoptation by 2,747 users; 682 farms; and 16,785 acres. (2) Prior to this program, no chemicals were registered in the United States specifically for the suppression of fruit flies. The AWPM program was instrumental in obtaining the first Hawaii research permits and then assisted in the registration process GF-120 and methyl eugenol and cue-lure products with state and federal authorities. (3) Major economic contributions to agriculture in Hawaii and instigated the growing of a greater diversity of crops. In addition by allowing farmers to make significant cuts in pesticide use, the program helped improve Hawaii’s environment and sustain open space, which contributed to maintain the islands’ tourism. (4) A full cost-benefit analysis found that the AWPM program would create as much as a 32% return on an investment of $14 million over 15 years and that doesn’t count the substantial indirect benefits, such as increased agricultural employment, or environmental benefits that don’t have a direct dollar return. The success of the AWPM program had international impacts on fruit fly management, as many other countries are also facing similar problems. Researchers and officials from Australia, People’s Republic of China, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Island, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Reunion, Senegal, Kenya, Taiwan and Mexico, among others, have expressed interest in or adopted the program as a model for fruit fly suppression. For additional information on the HAWPM refer to report 0500-00044-016-00D.
Froerer, K., Peck, S.L., Mcquate, G.T., Vargas, R.I., Jang, E.B., Mcinnis, D.O. 2010. Long distance movement of batrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidale in Puna, Hawaii: How far can they go?. American Entomologist. 56:88-94.
Vargas, R.I., Pinero, J.C., Mau, R.F., Jang, E.B., Klungness, L.M., Mcinnis, D.O., Harris, E.B., Mcquate, G.T., Bautista, R.C., Wong, L. 2010. Area-wide suppression of the mediterranean fruit fly, ceratitis capitata and the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera:Tephritidae) in Kamuela, Hawaii. Journal of Insect Science. 36:104.