1a.Objectives (from AD-416):
To determine the effect of increasing animal source food intake on the nutritional status of Kenyan women and their children.
1b.Approach (from AD-416):
Serum samples will be collected by staff hired by Indiana University in Kenya. The samples will be analyzed for micronutrient content at the WHNRC, using radioassays and high pressure liquid chromatography.
This project relates to Objective 1 of the in-house project to “determine the effects of specific foods, nutrients, and food components that promote health and disease prevention in at-risk populations". This research is in support of a National Institute of Health (NIH) funded randomized controlled trial in which 290 HIV positive Kenyan women and 290 of their children were supplemented with biscuits containing dried meat, soy, or wheat for 12 months. The main outcome is delayed progression to AIDS, as well as micronutrient status and child development. We have received all 1800 samples from the field and have completed the biochemical analyses for biomarkers of iron, zinc, vitamin B12, folate, acute phase proteins and vitamin A. These data have been sent to the Principal Investigator at Indiana University. Currently these and all other data from the study are being cleaned by their data analysts. An outline for 16 publications from this study has been prepared and we expect to write our manuscripts within the next 12 months. This is the final report for this project.