1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
ARS and U.S. Forest Service are interested in performing the research to aid in the identification of the invasive Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) and the related species of Agrilus woodboring beetles in its species group. Forest Service scientists will work with ARS to. 1)discover host range and seasonality of EAB and related Agrilus species;. 2)develop a fully illustrated identification manual for this group of beetles. The Forest Service and ARS have the expertise and infrastructure to effectively carry out the research and produce and disseminate the resulting information.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
ARS will undertake the taxonomic research on EAB and related species of Agrilus in collaboration with Forest Service who will develop further information on biology of the species. This information will be used by both ARS and the Forest Service to jointly develop the fully illustrated identification manual. The Forest Service and ARS will jointly work to disseminate the knowledge via training workshops and illustrated books.
Significant progress has been made towards our knowledge of the Emerald Ash Borer and related species. In December 2010, the project’s scientists examined the most important holotypes of species related to the Emerald Ash Borer from museums in Paris, London, Prague, St. Petersburg, Munich, Berlin, and Ottawa. Specimens were photographed and borrowed. The collection of Agrilus (the genus of the Emerald Ash Borer) in the Smithsonian Institution (the largest collection in the Western Hemisphere) has been fully curated and databased. A systematic and faunistic database including assumed Emerald Ash Borer relatives has been compiled. Thus far this list includes 68 names for 36 species and subspecies. In January 2011, the team presented a poster and introduced the project at the Annual USDA Research Forum on Invasive Species in Annapolis, Maryland. A publication on the immature stages of the Emerald Ash Borer is nearly ready for submittal to a journal. Teams from the Agriculture Research Service and U.S. Forest Service completed fieldwork and museum collection work in China and Vietnam to collect additional specimens of the Emerald Ash Borer and related species.