2010 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
The objective of this cooperative research project is to obtain improved efficiency in the development and testing of new sugarcane varieties through exchange and evaluation of germplasm (vegetative sets) with the ultimate goal of releasing new, higher-yielding, pest-resistant sugarcane varieties.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
Through the duration of this agreement, ARS and the Cooperator will exchange vegetative material of a sugarcane germplasm consisting of experimental breeding lines and elite varieties for testing and evaluation for specific traits of interest or as commercial cultivars.
In FY 2010, SRU scientists sent nine experimental varieties (HoCP04-838; HoCP05-902, Ho05-961; Ho06-537, -563; Ho07-604, -612, -613, -617) to BSES with assistance from personnel at the USDA Sugarcane Field Station in Canal Point, FL. Ten commercial cultivars from BSES were released from the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Quarantine Facility in Beltsville, MD., and then released six months later (Feb 2009) from SRU’s secondary quarantine facility. They were planted in a 2nd line trial in October 2009, and are under evaluation (diseases, insects, agronomic, sucrose content, fiber content, re-growth ability, etc.) at this stage through late 2011. These varieties were placed on our crossing carts for use as parents in 2009 and 2010. In 2009, none of the Australian cultivars produced usable flowers.
The ultimate goal of this exchange is to release new, higher-yielding, pest-resistant sugarcane varieties. Monitoring activities to include the selection of experimental varieties to be exchanged, documentation required to accommodate shipments, shipping dates, and general condition of material upon arrival in the importing country is generally done by e-mail exchanges between the SRU’s Authorized Departmental Officer’s Representative (ADODR) and the Sponsor’s Designated Representative.