2011 Annual Report
1a.Objectives (from AD-416)
To promote international research collaborations and activities for increased global food security and economic growth. Provide sound technical advice and support to USAID's international agricultural research and development initiatives.
1b.Approach (from AD-416)
ARS staff will work to oversee USAID activities in agricultural biothechnology, agricultural development, food aid safety. Project oversight, technical assessments, project evaluations, research project design and planning will be conducted. Agreement-generated collaborative research funds and dedicated project funds will be utilized to engage strategic partners at appropriate public and private research organizations.
Cooperative activities of mutual interest between USAID, Bureau for Food Security and USDA, ARS continued through FY 2011, including: .
1)Development and deployment of transgenic cassava resistant to cassava mosaic disease (CMD) and cassava brown streak disease (CBSD) for the benefit of smallholder farmers in Kenya. Research by: Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, MO and the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute ( KARI). .
2) Identification, characterization and development of corn germplasm (U.S. and Nigerian) with resistance to aflatoxins. Research by: USDA-ARS, Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, LA and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Nigeria. .
3)Development of health-enhancing snacks and other products using plantain and cowpea which are carbohydrate and protein staples in Ghana and many sub-Sahara African countries, for delivering energy, vitamins, and minerals. Project aims o make healthy food available year-round in Africa by converting harvest-peak produce to dried products that can be stored at ambient conditions for at least 12 months in Ghana. Research by: USDA-ARS, Center of Excellence in Extrusion and Polymer Rheology (CEEPR), Wyndmoor, PA, and the CSIR-Food Research Institute, Accra, Ghana. .
4)Development of new SNP assay for MAS for seedlings with favorable disease resistance to black pod, frosty pod, and witches’ broom for MAS in West African Cacao Producing Countries. Research by: ARS, Subtropical Horticulture Research Station (SHRS), Miami, FL and the Centre National de Recherche Agronomique (CNRA). .
5)Develop new methods of sediment measurement that will improve hydrologic modeling to support assessments of watershed management and policy alternatives for Kenya. Research by: USDA-ARS Grazinglands Research Laboratory, El Reno, OK and Baylor University. .
6)Develop a vaccine against tickborne disease (ECF /Babesiosis) in cattle. Research by USDA-ARS, Animal Disease Research Unit (ADRU), Pulman, WA and The International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI). USDA-ARS also employed 13 staff members for USAID through the Participating Agency Service Agreement (PASA).